The key to radiant skin is a consistent skincare regimen that includes the radiance-enhancing step of exfoliation twice a week. To avoid blocking pores, creating acne and other blemishes, and making skin look dull, dead skin cells are removed from the skin’s surface with exfoliating solutions. As we become older, it’s important to include this step in our routines since, while our skin naturally regenerates, the process slows down.
Types Of Exfoliant And How They Help The Skin
Beads or natural grains are used in products that are used as physical or manual exfoliators to remove the top layer of skin. Because you manually scrape your skin with the grains in gentle circular motions, it’s called manual exfoliation. These products can improve the smoothness and brightness of your skin, but you must be careful not to over-exfoliate.
Chemical exfoliation removes dead skin cells from the skin by using chemicals. These include various enzymes, alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), and beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs). Cleansers, toners, moisturizers, scrubs, serums, peels, and masks frequently contain these substances. They are all efficient exfoliation techniques.
Here are the differences among them, all of them aim to remove the dead skin by severing the links between skin cells.
Use AHAs to combat ageing skin symptoms
You don’t have to choose a face scrub literally if you want beautiful skin.
Alpha hydroxy acids, often known as AHAs, are water-soluble acids derived from fruits that exfoliate the skin’s top layer to reveal the skin’s deeper, more even-toned layers. Fine wrinkles, dullness, roughness, and increased pores are all reduced by them.
Lactic acid, glycolic acid, citric acid, malic acid, and mandelic acid are common AHAs. If you’re new to AHAs, pick a product with a lower acid content to prevent irritated skin. They have the benefit of being quite effective and producing results quickly.
Use BHAs to treat acne-related problems
BHAs, or beta-hydroxy acids, are excellent for those with oily skin, acne, blackheads, and milia since they are oil-soluble. BHAs’ antibacterial and anti-inflammatory characteristics help them get rid of dull cells and extra sebum that’s obstructing your pores.
Because they don’t affect the delicate layers of the skin, these acids also have a tendency to be less irritating. Salicylic acid, which is also the strongest BHA, is the most often used BHA.
Use enzymes to exfoliate sensitive skin
Fruits include tiny chemicals called enzymes that help break down the protein in dead skin cells. They are able to remove these dead skin cells, although not as effectively as acids do.
They are less abrasive and better suited to sensitive, oily, and mixed skin because of their distinctiveness. Acids and enzymes are frequently used in skincare treatments to encourage exfoliation. Pineapple, papaya, and pomegranate are a few fruits that generate commonly utilized enzymes.